The region is characterized by exquisite beaches, historic colonial towns and lush rainforests is home to a wide array of natural and cultural wonders. Stretching for nearly 3,000km along the Atlantic coast from Uruguay to the edge of Bahia, this region the region holds some of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. The largest population and the industry in the area are because of the migration of people from all over the world creating the highest living standard in Brazil besides being the densest urban population and the most congested city streets.
The region also has megacities such as Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo that had a population of 18.7 million and 11.7% million inhabitants and produce more than half of the industrial output for the country including auto, aero, chemicals, as well as IT. Additionally, the region has the highest living standards in Brazil. In 1994, Sao Paulo had an average income of approximately $4, 666 while the average income of Minas Gerais was $2,833.
Historically, the principle feature of the region was the Atlantic forest. However, today, less than 10% of the initial forest cover remained because of clearing the forest for farming, ranching as well as making charcoal. Most of the Brazilian industrial productions are located in the region, and the state of the Sao Paulo accounts for half of the industries in the country. Despite the region contributing to the economic growth, most of the large cities in the region are surrounded by the poor quality housing areas and many of the famous favelas are to be found here.
The region’s temperatures are tropical, and the temperature ranges from 27-32°C in the month of January and 16°C in July. In the summer (November to April) and especially in the months of January the normal temperatures range from 30oC to 32oC especially in the valleys of rivers Sao Francisco and Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais. Fortunately, the abundance of beaches and resorts make it easy to cool off in the heat. The summer months are also the wettest with total rainfall of up to 1000mm. The medium annual temperature of the region ranges from 20oC in the border between Sao Paulo and Parana to approximately 24oC in the north of Minas Gerais. The highlands of Brazil dominate the Southeastern part of the country all the way to the where they form an area of steep slopes.
Visitors to Southeast Brazil have an abundance of activities, events and places to guarantee a holiday to remember – Rio or cidade maravilhosa (The marvelous city) as it is sometimes called, is a haven for beachgoers, and it’s most popular beach, Ipanema, is known worldwide.