However, it is the Amazon that most interests visitors to this part of Brazil. In Manaus, the capital city of Amazonas, the confluence of the Solimões and Negro rivers — running in parallel for six kilometres before joining to form the Amazonas — attracts visitors for its tours where pink porpoises swim alongside boats.
The North region is the largest region of Brazil corresponding to approximately 45.27% of the national territory with 3,869,638 square kilometres. The standards of living in the region are below the national average with a per capita income of approximately $2,888 in the Amazonas while the lowest was $901 in the Tocantins.
The northern region’s main biome is the humid tropical forest of Amazon also called the rain forest and home of some of the richest biological diversity of the planet. The Amazon Rainforest has majestic scenery that delight nature lovers and awes every visitor – all other rainforests simply pale in comparison to the vastness of the Amazon. Naturally, the region serves as a source of forest products. As the forest produces a variety of products such as rubber, cocoa and it has now become the home for minerals, farming, and raising of cattle. In the 1980s, the lumber industry boomed while in 1990s, 6.6% of the territory of the region was considered altered by the man-made action with the state levels varying from 0.9% in Amapa to 14.0% in Rondonia. Nowadays, the states that make up the region strive very hard to protect the most valued things in the area such as the Amazon forest.
As is to be expected, this region is hot and very humid as it embraces a great part of the Amazon Basin. Year round, temperatures range from 24o to 26oC. In summer and autumn, the region experiences rainy periods with an exception of Roraima and the north parts of Amazonas, which experience the maximum pluviometrical indexes in winter because of the influence of the Northern Hemisphere’s climatic conditions.
Visits to indigenous villages and tours of creeks and river branches that flow into the forest are other must-see excursions. For example, you can take one of the many cruises offered by various tour operators, which can navigate narrow tributaries of the Rio Negro and Amazon River and take you deep into the forest to see abundant aquatic life that you may never see anywhere else. Famed creatures such as piranha along with river dolphins, abound in these waters, and on the banks, among the trees, you’ll spot sloths and primates such as tamarins and squirrel monkeys, and a wide variety of birds.
If you’re visiting, don’t forget your binoculars; you’re about to enjoy a feast of nature like no other.