Brasília was planned and developed by Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa in 1956 in a bid to move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central location. The landscape architecture was designed by Roberto Burle Marx. Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning.
Brasília has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) according to the Köppen system, with two distinctive seasons: the dry season from May to September and the rainy season from October to April, The average temperature is 20.6 °C (69.1 °F).
The city was one of the main host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, and also hosted the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup.
Brasília is a cosmopolitan city and home to about 124 embassies. The Brasília international airport is the third busiest airport in Brazil. It connects travellers to all the major cities in Brazil and many international destinations. As such, it has come to be known as an important business tourism destination, offering dozens of hotels spread around the federal capital. The city is also a great venue for music performances, movie festivals and political events. It offers complete infrastructures for hosting any kind of event and different varieties of restaurants to choose from.
Brasília is not only for the business tourist though. The city hosts big festivals known as “festas juninas”, held in June every year, which basically celebrates Catholic saints such as Saint John the Baptist, Saint Peter and Saint Anthony of Padu. September 7th, the traditional Independence Day parade is held on the Ministries Esplanade. Throughout the whole year international, local and national events are held all over the city.
Brasília was where Brazilian rock originated and also the place of origin of many bands like: Aborto Elétrico, Capital Inicial, Legião Urbana Plebe Rude and Raimundos. The Rock Basement Festival currently attempts to bring new bands to the national scene, the festival is held in the parking Brasilia National Stadium Mané Garrincha.
The city is a hosts to various collection of art works from artists like Marianne Peretti, Athos Bulcão, Di Cavalcanti, Dyllan Taxman, Bruno Giorgi, Alfredo Volpi, Victor Brecheret, Alfredo Ceschiatti and Burle Marx, whose works have been an integral part in the city’s architecture,thus making it a unique landscape. The city has various cuisines and many of the best restaurants in the city are mostly found in the Asa Sul district. Brasília is also famous for its focus on modern-day literature.
The major points of interest to visit while in Brasília include Palácio da Alvorada, Juscelino Kubitschek, Paranoá Lake, Palácio do Planalto, Monumental Axis, Itamaraty Palace and the Cathedral of Brasília.
While national capitals are often boring without much for the non-business traveler to do, Brasília bucks that trend and is a great place which any visitor to Brazil must visit.